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Archaeological Tour: Pompeii, Herculaneum, Vesuvius and Naples

Tour duration 9-10 h Starting at 38,00 €/person

Tour description

A private day tour on the three main sites that represent the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius. Pompeii, Herculaneum and Vesuvius for visitors who are interested in Roman history or about the geology of the area, is recommended.
Meeting time at 08.00: your driver will be waiting beside where your ship is berthed holding a name sign so you are able to identify him and will take you with our limousines to the ruins, where you can experience and see the magnitude of the eruption in 79 BC and all the people who lay buried for many centuries. It’s staggering but is only one part of the story. Read more ... Pompeii is the much larger and more famous of the two archaeological sites. Although the buildings are not as well preserved as at Herculaneum, Pompeii offers the visitor a wider view of Roman life, with shops, houses, streets, amphitheatres, the Forum, baths and a gladiator arena. Just down the road from Italy’s most-visited tourist attraction are the little-known Herculaneum is much smaller but better preserved than Pompeii. Vesuvius, exactly from any of those two places you can see the sleeping giant which has erupted last time in 1944. Naples the culture contained in this city simply stuns.
Optional stop for lunch at your request.
There is so much to visit, what are you waiting?
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Attractions

Pompeii Ruins Herculaneum Ruins Mt.Vesuvius Naples - National Archaeological Museum

Pompeii Ruins

The long catastrophic eruption of the Vesuvius in the year AD 79 drowned the thriving and bustling city of Pompeii in 20 to 23 feet of ash and pumice. It was lost for nearly 1700 years before its accidental rediscovery in 1749. Since then four-fifths of the city was excavated and a walk through the excavations is a once-in-a-lifetime journey into the past, offering an insight into the life of a city at the height of the Roman Empire. Surprisingly, many objects (such as bottles, glassware and silverware) were found intact in the city’s homes, filled with splendid frescoes, some of which are on display in Naples’ Museo Archeologico Nazionale. Being an important commercial centre in Campania felix, played a strategic role in the redistribution of goods between Rome, the inland cities and the ports on the Mediterranean. The life of the city centred around the Forum. Still today one can admire the remains of the Basilica, seat of justice and chamber of commerce, religious buildings and the Macellum, site of the marketplace. From the main square streets lead off to the ancient city, revealing majestic houses, such as the House of the Faun and the House of the Vettii, with their splendid frescoes. The shops in Via dell’Abbondanza, offer a lively impression of everyday life two thousands years ago. From here we carry on to the Stabian Baths, the oldest public baths in Pompeii, ending up at the massively impressive Amphitheatre, where even today, as in the Large Theatre, there are concerts and theatrical productions. Just outside the city, stands the Villa of the Mysteries, the most ‘enigmatic’ monument in Pompeii, with its grand fresco celebrating the mysterious cult of Dionysus. In summer the ruins can also be visited at night. ‘Suggestioni al foro’ is a theatrical production which, through sounds and voices echoing around the temples and houses, recreates the atmosphere of the ‘lost’ city. The visit ends with a multimedia show which reconstructs the dramatic phases of the eruption with special effects and filmed images. Today, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy, with approximately 2,500,000 visitors every year.

Herculaneum Ruins

Herculaneum was a smaller town with a wealthier population than Pompeii at the time of the destruction by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, though Pompeii is the most famous. Vesuvius started erupting on August 24, AD 79, and buried them in superheated pyroclastic material that has solidified into volcanic tuff. The volcanic water, ash and debris covering Herculaneum, along with the extreme heat, left it in a remarkable state of preservation for over 1600 years. Infact, it is the source of the first Roman skeletal and physical remains available for study that were located by science, for the Romans almost universally cremated their dead. A large part of the buildings remain several stories high: the House of Argus still has its wooden balcony. The House of Relief of Telephus is distinguished by its refined marble decorations; the House of Neptune and Amphitrite have beautiful mosaics; the House of the Deer has sumptuous rooms and the superb Villa of the Papyri is famous for its sculptures, now on view in the Archaeological Museum of Naples and its library of philosophical texts. Today excavations have been temporarily discontinued, in order to direct all funding to help save the city.

Mt.Vesuvius

Vesuvius is a sight of rare beauty in the landscape of the Gulf. A famous picture postcard image taken from the hill of Posillipo did get right in the collective imagination of the city of Naples, though it is best known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the burying and destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, forgotten until their accidental rediscovery in the 18th century. The eruption also changed the course of the Sarno River and raised the sea beach, so that Pompeii was now neither on the river nor adjacent to the coast. Vesuvius itself underwent major changes: its slopes were denuded of vegetation and its summit changed considerably due to the force of the eruption. Vesuvius has erupted many times since and is today regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of the population of 3,000,000 people living nearby and its tendency towards explosive (Plinian) eruptions. It is the most densely populated volcanic region in the world. The area around Vesuvius was officially declared a national park on 5 June 1995 for the great interest in geology, biology and history that its territory is. Agricultural production has a unique variety of flavors and originality. The summit of Vesuvius is open to visitors and there is a small network of paths around the mountain that are maintained by the park authorities on weekends. There is access by road to within 200 metres (660 ft) of the summit (measured vertically), but thereafter access is on foot only. There is a spiral walkway around the mountain from the road to the crater.

Naples - National Archaeological Museum

The most important museum of classical archaeology in the world. Charles of Bourbon put the largest art collection in Italy, the Farnese collection inherited by his mother Elisabeth, into this building (the old “Study Palace” or university). Over the years the largest archaeological collection of all time, relics from the city and from the villas buried under the ashes of Vesuvius in 79 BC, was brought here. The most important collection of the museum is that of the mosaics, paintings, jewellery and objects recovered from the buried vesuvian homes. A collection unmatched peer in the world that attracts, needless to say, millions of visitors. Another highlight is the classical sculpture collection, some roman copies of Greek originals, amongst which the celebrated Farnese sculptures (the Bull, the Hercules and dozens of others). The cameo and cut gem collection, which includes the extraordinary Farnese Cup, is also very rich. The vast epigraph collection includes over 2,000 pieces representing all of the languages once spoken in Campania (from Greek to Oscan, Etruscan to Latin). The Egyptian collection is only second in importance in Italy to that of Turin. There is a section dedicated to the Papyrus Villa, the famous roman house in Herculaneum that brought to light so many relics, amongst which the celebrated statues in bronze and marble. The Secret Cabinet is a part of the museum that houses a 19th century collection of Greek and Roman objects considered “obscene” at the times, reserved only for authorized visitors. It includes now sculptures, frescoes, mosaics, amulets, oil-lamps and graffiti with erotic themes from the digs at Pompeii.

Pricing

Price for Mercedes E-class Sedan Price for Mercedes Viano Price for Mercedes Vito
Mercedes Benz “Sedan” Mercedes Benz “Viano” Mercedes Benz “Vito”
Shared Tour 48,00 €/pax 68,00 €/pax 58,00 €/pax
Private Tour 800,00 €/vehicle 400,00 €/vehicle 450,00 €/vehicle

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